Charles Dickens is an English writer, one of the greatest English-language prose writers of the 19th century, a humanist, and a classic of world literature. Charles Dickens was born on February 7, 1812, in Landport, near Portsmouth. From 1817 to 1823 the Dickens family lived in the town of Chatham, where Charles began attending school. He later called these years the happiest in his life. The end of a serene childhood was put by financial troubles, because of which his father was put in a debtor’s prison, and 11-year-old Charles was forced to work for several months at a factory that produced wax. 1824–1826 Charles studied at Wellington House Academy, a private school.
In 1827, Charles Dickens took the place of a junior clerk in a law office. In 1828, he got a job as a free reporter in the judicial chamber, and in 1832, as a parliamentary correspondent. In 1833, the writer published his first essay in a monthly magazine – “Dinner at Poplar Wok”, signed with the pseudonym “Boz”. 1836 – published the first sections of the novel “The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club”, which had great success with readers. 1837–1841 – the famous novels of Charles Dickens are published: The Adventures of Oliver Twist, The Life, and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby, The Antiquities Shop, etc.
In 1842, the writer traveled to the United States, during which he experienced a deep disappointment in American democracy and the American way of life. These impressions are reflected in the novel Martin Chuzzlewit. Then came the cycle “Christmas Stories”, the novels “Dombey and Son”, and “The Life of David Copperfield, told by himself.” In the 1850s – The novels “Bleak House”, “Hard Times” and “Little Dorrit” were written. For some time, Dickens worked as the editor of the magazine Home Reading, in which he published his own compositions. After a conflict with publishers, he founded a similar magazine, Krugly God.
On June 9, 1870, fifty-eight-year-old Charles Dickens, not old in years, but exhausted by colossal work, a rather hectic life, and a lot of all sorts of troubles, dies in Gaideshill from a stroke.