Edgar Allan Poe is an American writer, poet, literary critic, editor, and representative of American Romanticism. Edgar Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston. His parents, Elizabeth Arnold Poe and David Poe were actors in a traveling troupe. After the death of his parents, Edgar was taken in by Francis and John Allan – they knew the boy’s mother even before her death. Together with the new family, Edgar began to live in Richmond, Virginia. Edgar’s childhood passed in an atmosphere of love and luxury.
When Edgar was six years old, the Allans went to England and sent the boy to an expensive boarding school in London, where he studied for five years. Upon the Allans’ return to the United States in 1820, Edgar entered college, graduating in 1826. Edgar was sent to finish his education at the University of Richmond, then just founded.
Edgar developed early: at the age of five he read, drew, wrote, recited, and rode horseback. At school, he studied well and acquired a large stock of knowledge in literature. The character of the future poet from childhood was uneven, passionate, and impulsive.
Life in wealth ended for Edgar when he was not even 17 years old. He stayed at the university for only a year. In the autumn of 1826, there was a rupture between John Allan and his adopted son. For Edgar Allan Poe began a wandering life. After leaving the Allan house, he went to his native Boston, where, under the pseudonym “Bostonian”, he published a collection of poems “Tamerlane and Other Poems”, which was never published.
This edition absorbed all the savings of the young man. Homeless, he joined an artillery regiment under the assumed name of Edgar A. Perry and raised his age from 18 to 22. At the beginning of 1828, however, the poet could not stand his position and turned to his adoptive father, asking for help. John Allan took pity on the young man, paid for the hire of a deputy, and secured Edgar’s release. Having received freedom, Edgar Allan Poe again turned to poetry. At the end of 1829, a collection of Poe’s poems was republished in Baltimore under his name, entitled Al-Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Small Poems. This time the book arrived in stores and in the editorial office but went unnoticed.
In March 1830, at Allan’s request, Edgar was admitted to the Military Academy at West Point. Edgar reluctantly went to the academy. Normally, he could not leave its walls. With his usual vehemence, he set to work and managed to achieve that in March 1831 he was expelled. With this, the young poet regained his freedom again, but, of course, he again quarreled with John Allan. From West Point, Edgar Poe left for New York, where he hastened to publish a third collection of poems: Poems of Edgar A. Poe. Second Edition”.
There were no buyers for the book, valued at two and a half dollars. In the period from 1833 to 1840, the author published many poems and short stories and worked for the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond. From 1841-1843 he lived with his family on the outskirts of Philadelphia and worked for Burton’s Gentleman’s Magazine and Graham’s Magazine. The last years of Edgar Allan Poe’s life
Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849, in Baltimore.