Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is one of the most significant and famous Russian writers and thinkers in the world. Fyodor Mikhailovich was born on November 11, 1821, in the family of the head physician of the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor. Father, Mikhail Andreevich, a nobleman. Mother, Maria Feodorovna, is from an old Moscow merchant family. He received an excellent education in the private boarding school of L. Chermak. Dostoevsky, by the decision of his father, entered the St. Petersburg Military Engineering School. He graduated from college in 1843 and was enlisted in the drawing room of the engineering department. A year later, he retired, convinced that his vocation was literature.
Dostoevsky’s first novel, Poor People, was written in 1845 and published by Nekrasov in the Petersburg Collection. Dostoevsky was one of the members of the Petrashevsky circle, which united adherents of French utopian socialism. In 1849, for participating in this circle, the writer was arrested and sentenced to death, which was then replaced by four years of hard labor and a settlement in Siberia. In 1859, Dostoevsky received permission to live in Tver, then in St.
Petersburg. At this time, he published the stories “Uncle’s Dream”, “The Village of Stepanchikovo and Its Inhabitants”, and the novel “Humiliated and Insulted”. Almost ten years of physical and moral torment sharpened Dostoevsky’s susceptibility to human suffering.
In 1865, while abroad, in the resort of Wiesbaden, to improve his health, the writer began work on the novel Crime and Punishment, which reflected the whole complex path of his inner quest. In 1873, the writer became the executive editor of the Grazhdanin magazine, on the pages of which he began to publish the Writer’s Diary, which at that time was a life teacher for thousands of Russian people. At the end of May 1880, Dostoevsky arrived in Moscow to attend the unveiling of a monument to A. Pushkin.
The writer’s health was deteriorating, and on February 9, 1881, Dostoevsky died in St. Petersburg. He was buried at the Tikhvin cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.