A fibroid is an abnormal growth of the thyroid gland. If left untreated, the growth can result in mental and physical dysfunction. To treat a fibroid, your doctor will drain it using small amounts of iodine and medication. The cancerous tissue will be removed through surgery.
fibrous tissue in the breast
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
Are you suffering from a painful or frequent ache in your abdomen?
This is the most commonest benign tumor in the female. It is common in Nigeria and in general very common among black women. “What causes fibroid” is not yet known but some factors such as genetics, race, nulliparity, and infertility are associated with it. It occurs mostly in the body of the uterus but may also occur in the cervix or even the broad ligament. The fibroid may be symptomless in the body but the clinical features are:
- Abdominal mass.
- Irregular bleeding.
- Pressure symptoms. It presses on the urinary bladder to cause frequency or retention. It presses on the rectum to cause constipation.
- Infertility if the fibroid is at turbo ovarian junction.
The investigation done now to diagnose fibroid is an ultrasound scan. Fibroid can reduce in size, especially in post-menopausal women.
Complications of Fibroid
- Can undergo torsion, especially the pedunculate type.
- It can become cancerous.
- It can undergo degeneration. If it co-exists with pregnancy can undergo red degeneration.
If a pregnant woman has a well-developed fibroid, surgery is never done until after delivery to avoid severe bleeding. For fibroid that is symptom-free, it may be good to leave it alone. But if it is more than 12th-week pregnancy size, it should be removed more so if the woman complains of infertility. Treatment is by Myomectomy. If the woman is post-menopausal abdominal hysterectomy is preferred. The recurrence rate following myomectomy is about 10%. Hysterectomy is better.