How To Maintain Proper Food Safety And Hygiene is when there is no adverse health effect after eating any food, there is food safety. Diseases can enter our body through eating food.
These diseases are called foodborne diseases. There can be either infectious or toxin. Some of these infections are:
Cholera Parasites such as Amoebiasis; giardiasis and beef tape warm.
Some infections that are food-borne included that from E.Coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and salmonella Toxins such as aflatoxins found in groundnut have been associated with liver cancer.
To ensure food safety every hand must be on deck. Public education is very important especially on best hygiene practice and in storage and cooking.
National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC
National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) is an agent of the government of Nigeria charged with this responsibility.
This agency tends to focus more on the structural operation and personnel hygiene aspect of food premises in addition to taking food samples for analysis.
Food hygiene measures that are necessary to ensure safety include:
- Wash hand before pro paring food and after toileting
- Stone food where persons cannot gain access
- Cook or reheat food thoroughly before eating
- Wash vegetables and salads properly before cooking
- Dispose of food waste immediately
- Perishable food must store d in a cool dry place
PROTECTION FROM RADIATION
The emission of visible particles from a given source is called radiation. There are two forms of radiate radiation ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. It is the ionizing radiation that is of major public health sign I significance ionizing radiation may be natural or man-made.
Natural = 80% Man-made = 20% e.g medical x-ray over-exposure to ionizing radiation may cause
- Birth deformities
- Mental retardation
A high standard of occupational health and safety is used to protect and limit of over exposure ionizing radiations.
This is one of the major environmental health hazards worldwide the world becomes more industrialized more harmful.
fumes and particles are being emitted into the atmosphere with its attendant health problems.
Sources of pollutants
- Stationary sources such as industries; generators and generation of electricity
- Mobile sources such as motor vehicles, motorcycles and, train such as cooking fires, lantern, candle and tobacco smoke
Air pollution may be divided into man-made as enumerated above and natural such as dust, storms and, volcanic actions.
Reactions of the pollutants within the atmosphere generate secondary pollutants. Ozone is an example of this.
Global warming and the phenomenon of acid rain are glaring.
Effects of secondary air pollution Health effect of air pollution
- Respiratory tract infection
- Chronic obstructive lung diseases
- Lung cancer
SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMME
For any child to derive maximum benefit from the school program child must be physically, mentally and emotionally fit.
A healthy environment is required to provide the child with the best opportunity to obtain the full benefit from his or her education in the school.
School health programme is discussed under
- Medical inspection
- Health education
- Safe school environment
The children require routine medical examination. In nigeria, majority of our schools if not all, cannot afford the services of qualified medical personnel. Some do employ nurses to fill the gap.
The routine inspection will detect children with defects of hearing and sight.
Some children are physically handicapped while some too are mentally handicapped. Assessing them will enable us place them in the appropriate institutions for better learning.
The primary purpose of health education in the school is to make children value health. It enable them to know what to do to promote healthy living.
Teaching them about diet;
exercise,dangers of alcohol ,drug abuse Unsafe sex
This following things will make them grow up properly. They should also be taught about the role of environment in maintaining good health.
The school environment should be safe enough to safeguard the health of the children. The school should provide a practical example of healthy living for the children.
The school should have the following –
– Classroom of adequate size
– proper illumination and well ventilated
– should not be located in a noisy place
– Water supply should be adequate
– Adequate facilities for waste disposal
Care must be taken to ensure that infection is adequately controlled in the school. Measures such as provision of sick bay,
Asking sick children to keep away from school until they are well,routine vaccination programme is advised iced. School teachers should be routinely screened for tuberculosis. Food handlers also are to be screened for enteric infections.
Deworming is advice.
In well established school health programme, a dentist should visit the school periodically.