Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev – Russian writer, poet, and corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Ivan Turgenev was born on November 9, 1818, in Orel. Until the age of 9, Ivan Turgenev lived in the hereditary estate of Spasskoe-Lutovinovo, 10 km from Mtsensk, Oryol province. In 1827, the Turgenevs settled in Moscow to educate their children.
Ivan first studied at the Weidenhammer boarding house, then he was given as a boarder to the director of the Lazarevsky Institute, Krause. In 1833, 15-year-old Turgenev entered the verbal department of Moscow University. A year later, the family moved to St. Petersburg, and Turgenev moved to St. Petersburg University.
In 1836, Turgenev graduated from the course with the degree of a real student. Dreaming of scientific activity, he again took the final exam the next year, received a candidate’s degree, and in 1838 went to Germany. Having settled in Berlin, Ivan took up his studies.
Listening to lectures at the university on the history of Roman and Greek literature, he studied the grammar of ancient Greek and Latin at home. In 1841 Turgenev returned to his homeland. At the beginning of 1842, he applied to Moscow University for admission to the examination for a master’s degree in philosophy. At the same time, he began his literary activity.
In 1846, the stories Bretter and Three Portraits were published. Later, he wrote such works as “The Freeloader”, “The Bachelor”, “Provincial”, “A Month in the Village”, “Breakfast at the Leader”, “Mumu”, “Calm”, “Yakov Pasynkov”, etc. In 1852 A collection of short stories by Turgenev under the general title “Notes of a Hunter” is published. In the future, Turgenev wrote four major works: “Rudin”, “Nest of Nobles”, “On the Eve” and “Fathers and Children”. From the beginning of the 1860s, he settled in Baden-Baden. As a result of living abroad, the largest of Turgenev’s novels, Nov, was obtained.
Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev died in Bougival near Paris on September 3, 1883.