While the causes of low sperm count are often unknown, there are some factors that have been proven to play a role. Recent studies have shown that the number of sperm in an ejaculate is related to levels of plasma testosterone. Sperm production is regulated by hormones produced by the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and testes. Because testosterone is needed for normal sperm development, it’s no surprise that low levels of this hormone can be considered a cause of low sperm count.
The causes of low sperm count can be hard to pinpoint because the condition is caused by an imbalance of hormones that are difficult to trace. But there are actually many different causes. For example, the thyroid gland plays a big role in fertility, so if it’s not functioning properly, it can contribute to a reduction in sperm count. Stress and vitamin deficiency may also play a role.
There are many different causes of male infertility, but among the most important are:
- Low sperm count
- Poor sperm motility
- High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the testis
While the causes of male infertility are often different than the causes of female infertility, there is considerable overlap. In general, male fertility can be compromised by two major factors:
In terms of health, the most common causes of male infertility are related to hormone imbalances and/or chromosomal abnormalities. The most common hormonal disorder among infertile men is low sperm count or oligospermia. At the opposite end of the spectrum, men who have too many sperm (known as hypermenorrhea) are more likely to experience low fertility as well. Other conditions that can affect sperm quality include varicocele (a varicose vein in the scrotum), erectile dysfunction, and exposure to toxins such as alcohol, cigarette smoke, and certain medications.
Fertility problems can also have their roots in a man’s age. Men over 40 have an increased risk of contributing to their own infertility because of decreased quality of semen, lower sperm counts, and decreased motility. Though men over 50 still conceive children on occasion, they are far more likely to require some form of medical assistance—either via IVF or other assisted reproductive technologies—to do so.
Micturition, also known as urination, is the elimination of urine from the body. In mammals, this is primarily carried out by the urinary system and is an essential process to maintain homeostasis and hydration. Micturition occurs when the detrusor muscle in the urinary bladder wall contracts and pushes the urine out through the urethra.
What causes pain during micturition?
1- Urinary tract infection (UTI): A UTI is an infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. Most infections occur in the lower urinary tract, which includes your urethra, bladder, and kidneys.
2- Interstitial cystitis: This painful condition affects your bladder and surrounding tissues. It causes a frequent and urgent need to urinate.3- Prostate gland enlargement: The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland in men that surrounds part of the urethra.
4- Bladder stone: A bladder stone is a solid object that forms inside your bladder due to a build-up of calcium or other minerals in the urine.
Menstrual pain is a cause of discomfort that can be felt in the lower part of your abdomen. The pain starts just before and during a woman’s period and gets more intense as the flow starts. It is caused by the contractions of the uterus which is similar to the way it contracts to expel the baby during labor. What a woman feels as menstrual pain can be due to ovulation, endometriosis, or other causes that are not easily identified.
Menstrual pain is a common problem among women. There are many causes of menstrual pain, some of which are more common than others. These causes include:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Irregular periods
- Not enough progesterone in the body
- Vaginal infection or inflammation
- A poor diet that lacks nutrients or vitamins to promote proper menstruation
If you experience any of the symptoms above, it’s important to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. In some cases, menstrual pain can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as uterine cancer or an undetected viral infection. If left untreated for an extended period of time, these conditions could lead to further health issues, so it’s important to ensure that your body is healthy and functioning properly.