What Is Pneumococcal Meningitis? Read To Find Out

Pneumococcal Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis

What Is Pneumococcal Meningitis?  Meningitis is said to be caused by one of three things. All of these things directly or indirectly affect the brain and spinal cord.

Several other conditions can cause inflammation of the meninges and will usually not cause brain symptoms. That isn’t to say that they aren’t serious. They are all conditions that should be evaluated by a healthcare provider if you have any of these symptoms and believe that you have recently been exposed to meningococcal bacteria.

As we already mentioned, meningitis is caused by bacteria. It can sometimes be caused by other things as well, but just because one thing causes meningitis does not mean it will always cause meningitis. This is because women can also get meningitis.

Some of the conditions that can cause meningitis are:

These are just some of the symptoms that may come with the disease. If you believe you have been exposed to meningococcal bacteria, talk to your doctor. He or she will be able to determine whether you have an underlying condition or are making this diagnosis on your own.

The symptoms of meningitis are usually not life-threatening. Most people who get the disease do not have permanent brain damage. Some do sustain slight brain damage, but this is not usually life-threatening.

All of the damage done to the brain from causing or caring for infection often causes long-term effects in the brain. These effects can include:

This frequently results in failure of memory, slowed thinking, mental confusion, and mood swings. There may be decreased mental alertness, loss of short-term memory, and confusion.

There are some medications that can reduce the severity of some of the effects of meningitis. You may also need more careful hygiene. These effects generally improve with time.

You should always do what you can to prevent a recurrence of the disease, so it is best to avoid physical activity. You can do this by avoiding people who are already infected. The same applies to keeping all of your close contacts healthy.

Aside from avoiding these people and contact with infected surfaces, many people also do what we have learned to do over the years. Keep a close eye on anyone who seems susceptible, especially if they have unexplained abscesses or bulging eyes, or fluctuating moods. If you notice any of these symptoms, make sure you get it checked out.

Meningitis can be life-threatening. If left untreated, infection and damage done to the brain can cause long-term brain diseases. The rest of your life could be affected as well if you do not get immediate medical attention.

The most common meningococci bacteria are Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), though Neisseria meningoencephalitis and other enteric bacteria, including Mycobacterium vaccine and Enterobacter aero genes, may also be involved.

The inflammation can erode protective layers of tissue lining your brain and spinal cord, causing tissue scarring.

Other symptoms of meningoencephalitis, including seizures, difficulty walking, balance and vision problems, sleep problems, and pain can also occur.

What’s happening in your gut?

Historically, some people with meningoencephalitis have had problems with recurring night terrors, says Kellie Ditkoff, Ph.D., a sleep study specialist at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. In the past decade, however, there’s been increasing research about the role of the immune system in regulating emotions and sleep cycles, Ditkoff says. What’s more, certain bacteria can trigger the immune system to react in ways that could affect meningoencephalitis, she adds.

“The bacteria in the gut is changing tempo all the time,” says Ditkoff. “When you have inflammation, your gut is working overtime, but as soon as it sees some kind of treatment or vaccine coming down the pipe, then it shifts its focus.”

Avoiding these five lifestyle factors could limit your risk of developing meningoencephalitis. Miss any of these? You’ll want to be on top of your immune system vaccination schedule.

8 Stress Relieving Strategies Right Now

To ward off tiny meningitis, begin with these strategies:


Making changes to your routine not only helps you feel better and sleep better, but it can minimize the impact of side effects like night terrors. Try scheduling an extra day of sleep or adding exercise, if possible. Call your primary care doctor or a sleep specialist to make sure you’re not delaying your coverage for meningitis, says Ditkoff. 


Meditation, even though it may seem unrelated to sleep, can be helpful for dealing with anxiety and supplementing with therapy. Though you may not sleep better as a result of meditating, you may manage to combat emotional fatigue, which can lead to less frequent nighttime nightmares, says Ditkoff. Plus, it may lessen stress and improve emotional health overall. If you’re interested in trying a class for self-awareness, try Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, explains Steven Losee, author of “Talk to Your Self.”


Several studies show certain fruits and vegetables can help to regulate your immune system and reduce inflammation. Berries like blueberries and raspberries also contain phytonutrients and anthocyanins, which may help protect against the bacteria, says Losee. rat of all one kind (E. coli, botulism, cold, or flu) There are usually no symptoms, but if you have any of the above-mentioned, then you probably have a case of meningitis.

Symptoms of a Meningitis Case in Dogs

If you have dogs, this is obviously only a risk if your dog has a fever and a low white blood cell count, as described above.

However, a dog with a meningitis infection does still live its life normally, unless it is in obvious pain such as extreme swelling of the shoulders, neck, or face. Even in this case, the inflammation might not require pain medication or oversight from your vet.

Your risk of having a dog with a bacterial or viral infection in its lungs or gut is extremely low. Although it is possible, it is extremely rare. If you have a dog with a meningitis infection that has not progressed beyond a low fever and cough, then it is likely benign. Your dog will make a full recovery unless it happens again.

However, we can be more specific about the rest of the diseases that dogs can get. Let’s focus more on the ear infection.

  • E. Coli and Botulism

In general, E. Coli and Botulism is uncommon disease in dogs, especially small breeds. Occasionally, we encounter cases of E. Coli and Botulism.

The main feature of E. Coli and Botulism is that it causes inflammation of the eardrums and nerves in the ear, which can spread from the ear canal all the way to the brain stem. There is sometimes loss of sensation from the affected part of the ear, but it can usually be re-established within a short amount of time.

However, if the same injury that caused the ear infection still persists, a secondary infection will develop in the ear canal and brain stem. This secondary infection most often affects the inner ear, such as those responsible for balance and direction of hearing.

The bacteria that cause these bacteria in the ear can be found in many dirt and surface contaminated places within the house, such as:

  • hidden under the carpet
  • in the mustache of dogs, we feed our puppies
  • under the bedding in pet bowls
  • in your laundry hamper
  • in your shoes
  • in other peoples’ shoes
  • above the waterline in sinks/bathtubs
  • in kitchen cabinet drawers
  • in the medicine cabinets of your house.
  • in the cracks between the outer and inner plywoods in the decking
  • in the fresh meat that you are throwing out to feed your birds.

Meningitis is divided into two types: 

  1. Acute 
  2. Chronic.

  • Acute

Acute meningitis occurs when bacteria stimulate a reaction that causes inflammation on the outer layer of the meninges (brain-pleasurable meningitis) and a thready pocket (intra-abdominal meningitis).

  • Chronic

Chronic infections caused by germs (fungi and viruses) in the lungs can cause swelling and discharges in the airways, called meningitis. Bacteria and viruses can multiply in the lungs, but they aren’t spread easily through the air or between people (depending on the source).

Symptoms of chronic infection (ones that don’t improve with antibiotic treatment and are not cleared up with time) can include:

  1. fever
  2. chronic cough
  3. flu symptoms
  4. memories of warmth or cold, headaches or changes in vision
  5. nausea or vomiting
  6. swelling, 
  7. puffiness 
  8. weight in the hands/feet (usually on the surface of the hands)
  9. tendency to shake

Since every case of acute and chronic meningitis is different, there’s no one-size-fits-all treatment plan for either type. Laws and liability vary by state and the treatment methods available depend on the underlying cause of meningitis.


Most people with acute meningitis already have immunity that protects them against germs. It’s a good idea to follow the guidelines for work and exercise that are suggested by the CDC. If your symptoms worsen (increase in fever, cough, confusion, or difficulty breathing), continue to stay healthy and build your immunity to prevent the further spread of bacteria and viruses.


Cold hands and feet could be symptoms of more serious problems. Depending on what kind of bacteria might be causing your inflammation, you might use an ice pack or apply a cool dressing after touching your face, hands, or feet to help reduce swelling and speed recovery.

If you get cold between bouts of intense exercise, you should seek medical attention right away. Acne in trade working environments causes warmer, dryer air, and in cold outdoor sports, the athlete’s own sweat dries faster, causing the face to become more humid. Some athletes, especially those working in places with longer days, should consider changes to their schedule that might forestall the exacerbation of existing conditions that might otherwise cause an infection.


If your symptoms are continuously causing you symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, or changes in vision, you should heed the advice of your doctor or rural health professional.


Other agents such as alcohol or medicines may cause inflammation, and the severity of the meninges may vary.

What’s common with the symptoms above?

Most of the time, meningitis starts in one of the sections of the brain called the salivary gland (which is particularly hosted search engines can find Wikipedia pages about salivary gland

The infection gets into the meninges (browsing around the spine) via the nerves that connect to the brain. This brings trouble for the back, front, and sides of the body.

How to diagnose

You can get a diagnosis of meningitis if:

“One or both sides of the brain have swelling that is larger than 2 mm, that is not coming from an underlying problem such as focal neurological deficits, tumor, infection or vasculitis, or of an inflammatory origin,” says Dr. Erin Michos, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Neurorestoration.

“A strong temperature of 101–105°F, an elevated heart rate, headache, confusion or loss of consciousness, visual loss, and nausea are likely to be signs of meningitis in adults,” she says.

You should visit your doctor for a standard adult physical exam and do your own self-examinations if: you have a fever but no headache or other symptoms six in 10,000 of the hairs found on your skin have been changed in the last 3 months (this is called atopic dermatitis) neurology performs well, but you have decreased muscle tone in the legs and feet contains red or purple bruising that reaches the outer thigh

If any of these symptoms appear, it’s time to seek medical attention. “Meningitis can be tricky to diagnose,” says Dr. Stanislav Nedelkov, a specialist in neurosurgical oncology.

“The diagnosis can take time to develop since the symptoms often overlap and the presence of these signs in conjunction often is not an indicator of the disease,” he says. Hematological problems are one example.

Your doctor can do a skin test for evidence of infection. Your doctor can also ask you questions like:

  • Did you recently use alcohol or drugs?
  • Has your immune system been compromised?
  • Have you been in contact with other people who have the illness?
  • Have you had other health issues recently?

Your doctor has a protocol called the Documentation of Diagnosis and Correlation (DDC) protocol, which gives specific instructions for diagnosing a fever and other health issues, such as changes in mental status. It is named after the British Columbia Neurological Foundation, which developed its diagnostic criteria. These DDCs are used at Johns Hopkins.

  • molds
  • radicals

Steroids may cause inflammation in the spine. This pain can look like sciatic nerve pain and is sometimes associated with a headache and leg pain.

The final thought on this is that don’t take steroids. Steroids can exacerbate symptoms and quickly turn into a condition known as steroid-related headaches.

Worry not friends, I am not against taking steroids for a natural response to a traumatic or illness event. In fact, I was taking them prior to getting injured. However, taking steroids could cause problems.

The question then becomes, under what circumstances should you take steroids? Good question. We will stick to three scenarios:

Teenagers and young adults are often prescribed steroids to manage symptoms of stress and other common illnesses. Theoretically, it is not wise to continue when a man is being treated for a life-threatening disease.

If your doctor feels that a steroid dose will most likely improve your condition then under that circumstance, I would agree with them. However, I would always consult with your doctor before changing which steroid you are being prescribed. I would also bring up any other possible medical conditions or use-cases that you may have.

It can create a dependence on the steroid as your body starts to alter its response to it. If you find that you consistently feel greasy or cold when taking the steroids, you may want to look into other treatment options.

It is a muscle relaxant and was originally developed for doctors to use on pregnant women. They were not intended to treat injuries or conditions that would require steroid injections.

Steroids certainly have an effect. The highest doses can leave your body very quickly. These effects will vary from person to person. However, it’s certainly possible for a steroid injection to cause degeneration if used regularly for an extended period of time. This may also lead to kidney damage.

As such, steroid injections are not for everyone. There are much safer and more effective ways of recovering from injuries that do not leave open wounds.

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